STROKE is a condition in which, as a result of the cessation of blood flow to the brain due to blockage of an artery or the outpouring of blood through a rupture of the vessel wall, nerve cells are damaged or killed; this is a rapidly developing violation of cerebral circulation, with simultaneous damage to brain tissue and disruption of its functions. Every year, on October 29, the World Stroke Day is celebrated worldwide. This day was established by the World Health Organization in 2006, with the aim of calling for urgent action to combat this disease.
According to WHO, stroke kills about 7 million people a year worldwide. Vascular diseases account for more than half of deaths. More recently, stroke occurred mainly in patients older than 55-60 years, and currently about a third of cases occur in people aged 30-40 years.
It is on this day, traditionally, on the basis of the stroke department of the BSMP of the city of Semey, the day of struggle against this terrible disease of modernity takes place. BSMP neurologist Biniyazova Aigerim Ablaikhanovna together with residents of the 1st year of study held a seminar with inpatient patients “On modern methods of treatment and prevention of stroke”.
“Patients with experience”, during the seminar noted that cerebral vascular diseases continue to be one of the important medical and social problems of modern society, due to their high share in the structure of morbidity and mortality of the population, the cause of primary disability, but the main cause of stroke is a violation of cerebral circulation.
Aigerim Ablaikhanovna noted that if the cause of the disease was a blood clot, then it is an ischemic stroke, if the hemorrhage is hemorrhagic. At the same time, the risk factors for stroke include:
- high blood pressure
- diabetes mellitus
- elevated cholesterol levels
- overweight and obesity
- low physical activity
- excessive alcohol consumption
As a result of the seminar, the participants came to the main question: “What will prevent diseases of the circulatory system, including stroke?” and listed the most important recommendations:
- timely passing of preventive medical examinations and medical examination
- Blood pressure monitoring
- correction of risk factors (quitting smoking, moderate consumption or abstinence from alcohol, maintaining a normal body weight, balanced diet, regular exercise)
- knowledge of the signs of stroke and the order of independent actions and actions surrounding in case of their occurrence
- activation of independent health care
Thus, summarizing the seminar, we see that one cannot rely on the will of chance, and firstly – to adhere to a healthy lifestyle yourself, secondly – to be regularly monitored by a doctor, and finally, thirdly – not to wait for the “thunder” to strike, but to engage in prevention.
Residents of Semey Medical University, NCJSC Alimkhanova A. N., Zhanaspayeva M. N., Amangeldina N. E., Arinkyzy Zh.