World Osteoporosis Day is celebrated annually on October 20th! The World Health Organization established this back in 1997, with the rise in standard public awareness of the gradual diagnosis and management of osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis is one of the most common diseases, which occupies a leading place in the structure of morbidity and mortality of the population. As numerous epidemiological studies have shown, there is not a single race, nation, ethnic group or country in which osteoporosis does not occur. The disease is responsible for more days spent in hospital than breast cancer, angina, diabetes and other diseases.
According to WHO criteria, osteoporosis was found in 18.6 million people, of these 8 million in women (among people 50 years of age and older – its incidence was 21%) and 2 million in men. Among the 1.5 million annually registered fractures, 700 thousand cases are vertebral fractures, 300 thousand are fractures of the distal forearm, and 250 thousand each are fractures of the femur and fractures of all other locations, and the cost of treating these fractures reaches 13. $8 billion.
The risk group includes women with early menopause; with estrogen deficiency; people taking glucocorticosteroids for more than six months; having metabolic disorders, such as diabetes; smoking and alcohol.
The most widely used osteoporotic fracture risk prediction tool in the world is the FRAX calculator. For the Kazakhstan population, this calculator is freely available (https://frax.shef.ac.uk/FRAX/tool.aspx?lang=rs).
In connection with this event, rheumatology residents of the 1st year of study (of Semey city) under the guidance of a clinical mentor с.m.s., acting Professor of the department Goremykina M.V., held an “Open Door Day” with patients of the cardio-rheumatology department of the NCJSC SMU. During the event, patients were informed about the clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of this disease. All patients present at the event were also given a one-minute test to determine the risk of developing osteoporosis. Based on the results of the “Minute Test”: in 28 patients, the risk of osteoporosis was 67.8%.According to some indications, patients underwent X-ray densitometry, which is the “gold standard” for diagnosing osteoporosis.
Department of Internal Medicine and Rheumatology, SMU, NCJSC