On November 3, a round table “comparative diagnosis of types of anemia in children” was held at the Department of Pediatrics and Medical Rehabilitation named after D. Tusupov. Under the guidance of PhD, Associate Professor Akhmetzhanova D. O. 723 groups of interns of the specialty of general practitioner analyzed modern data and methods of treatment in world practice and provided information on effective approaches to diagnosis. The clinical specifics and causes of anemia in children were noted. Information on the frequency of anemia is provided for the Republic of Kazakhstan. Complications of anemia in general and risks to children’s health have also been reported.