In 2023, on November 22, a seminar on the prevention of viral hepatitis A was held for medical workers of the central emergency station of the Abay region. GP interns of group 616, who are currently studying in the discipline “Infectious diseases in adults,” reported on the epidemiological situation on viral hepatitis A in Kazakhstan and in the Abay region. The speakers covered issues of early detection of viral hepatitis A among the population, including adults, with determination of the severity of the disease. It has been noted that hepatitis A is an inflammatory liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). The virus is spread primarily by an uninfected (and unvaccinated) person consuming food or water contaminated with feces from an infected person. Unlike hepatitis B and C, hepatitis A does not cause chronic liver disease, but can be accompanied by severe symptoms and sometimes occur in a fulminant form (with acute liver failure), often ending in death. The incubation period for hepatitis A is usually 14–28 days. Symptoms of hepatitis A can range from mild to severe and may include fever, malaise, loss of appetite, diarrhea, nausea, abdominal discomfort, dark urine, and jaundice (yellowing of the eyes and skin). Separately, the moderators focused on the prevention and vaccination of viral hepatitis A.
Shaimardanov N. K., Smail E. M.