About the role of clinical mentors in residency in the specialty “Pediatrics”

About the role of clinical mentors in residency in the specialty “Pediatrics”

The clinical mentor in residency plays a key role in helping students effectively cope with medical challenges, improve practical skills, and develop a professional moral code. Possessing extensive knowledge in his specialization, the ability to effectively teach and transfer experience, the mentor stimulates the personal and professional growth of residents, and also provides them with mentoring support.
Pediatric mentoring is particularly important for several reasons. Firstly, pediatrics requires specific skills in communicating with children and their parents. The preceptor helps residents develop these communication skills necessary to understand and process medical issues within the context of the family.
Second, children may present unique clinical challenges, and the preceptor’s experience in this area may be valuable for the effective management of pediatric cases. Mentoring also facilitates the transfer of experience in the diagnosis and treatment of various childhood diseases.
Finally, pediatric medicine often requires a sensitive and empathic approach. The preceptor plays an important role in developing in residents not only the clinical, but also the ethical and emotional competencies necessary to work with children and their families.
At the Department of Pediatrics and Medical Rehabilitation named after D.M. Tusupova. in the 2023-2024 academic year, 13 pediatric residents of the 1st year of study are studying in residency in the specialty “Pediatrics”, of which 2 are in Semey, 3 in Ust-Kamenogorsk, 8 in Pavlodar; 15 pediatric residents of 2 years of study, of which 3 are in Semey, 4 in Ust-Kamenogorsk, 8 in Pavlodar. In addition, residents completed internships in district hospitals and medical outpatient clinics in the Abay region and East Kazakhstan region, in the children’s hospital in Taldykurgan, in Astana.
Pediatric residents work on the basis of leading children’s clinics in Semey, Ust-Kamenogorsk, Pavlodar: UG NAO “MUS”, KGP at the PVC “TsMiR”, KGP at the PVC “Pavlodar Regional Children’s Hospital”. Residents also supervise patients and are on duty in almost all urban children’s clinics of these cities, taking into account the specifics of the discipline being studied.
Clinical mentors of pediatric residents are teachers of Semey Medical University NJSC, performing medical work at the university hospital, as well as doctors of children’s medical institutions, heads of departments, all of them are specialists of the highest and first medical category: PhD, acting. associate professor Akhmetzhanova D.O., assistant Imanmadieva D.M., assistant Ospanova A.S., head of the emergency department of the Central Medical Research Center Zhakimbaeva A.A., head. cardionephrology department of the Pavlodar Regional Hospital Zhanbolatova N.K., district pediatrician of the Republic of Bashkortostan Glubokovsky district Melnikova O.V., district pediatrician of the Aksuat Republic of Bashkortostan Nurgalieva K.B.
Clinical preceptors teach pediatric residents the following skills:
1.*Clinical Skills:* Diagnosis, treatment and management of medical cases.
2.*Communication Skills:* Communicate effectively with patients, colleagues and other healthcare members.
3.*Professional Ethics:* Compliance with ethical standards, confidentiality and responsibility.
4.*Time Management:*Efficient management of time for patient care and training.
5.*Problem solving:* Skills in analyzing and solving complex clinical situations.
6.*Collaboration and Teamwork:*Team interaction, information sharing and teamwork.
7.*Professional development:*Continuous learning, ability to evaluate and improve your skills.
Residents, first under the supervision of a mentor, then independently perform such medical practical skills as calculating nutrition for a healthy child and a patient with protein-energy deficiency, feeding through a tube, calculating doses of medications per body weight and year of life, gastric lavage, bladder catheterization, provision of emergency care in various critical conditions and other skills in accordance with the State educational standard.
To improve the competencies of students, in addition to traditional forms of work, innovative approaches are used – “peer to peer”, case methods “Joint analysis of professional situations – a universal way of learning”, research work in cluster groups with publication of results in scientific journals.
Thus, mentoring is an important link in the formation and formation, training and education of a young specialist pediatrician.